The sudden rainfall in the dreary deserts of Rajasthan; the episodes of dry spells in the tropical forests, or the sudden increase in the sea water level, all sums up to a single cause- Climate Change.
The Earth temperature is increasing, natural resources are getting diluted, and the sudden extinction of either flora or fauna, has brought in the question, ‘Is this the end?’ A viable question to be asked.
Nature and her resources have been exploited to an extent, where there are doubts lingering in our mind as to the maintenance of sustainable development are not feasible enough. The climate change has been mainly anthropogenic. If not completely, human activities have accelerated the process.
What is Climate Change?
Climatic change is defined as a change in global or regional climate patterns, a change particularly apparent from the mid 20th century onwards. This is largely attributed to increased anthropogenic activities every year.
The various factors that led to its occurrences are solar radiation received by the Earth, plate tectonics and volcanic eruptions. These biotic processes had a lasting impact, but the human activities accelerated the cause. Global Warming being one of the major cause.
A gradual increase in the overall temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere caused due to the increased level of carbon-dioxide, CFC and other pollutants. The greenhouse gases like Carbon-dioxide and CFC act as a barrier on the earth’s atmosphere, the heat waves are reflected back to the earth surface, thus increasing its temperature. These constant increase in earth temperature has led to climate changes at a radical rate.
One of the major steps taken to check the climatic changes is the Paris Agreement or Accord de Paris.
Paris Agreement (Accord de Paris)
This is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climatic Change(UNFCC), dealing with Greenhouse-gas-emissions mitigation, adaption, and finance, starting in the year 2020. As of September 2018, 195 UNFCC members have signed the agreement.
Its long-term goals are to reduce the increase in global temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial years and to limit the increase to 1.5°C. Under the Paris Agreement, each country must determine, plan and execute various contribution to resolve the issue of global warming. The solutions determined need to be reported.
India on the Paris Agreement
India has been one of the greatest contributors to worldwide pollution. The increasing population has made India, the fourth-largest carbon emitter in the world. But with the developing caution, India became the 62nd nation to join the Paris Agreement.
As a part of an initial commitment to the agreement, India plans to reduce its carbon emission intensity by 33-35% from 2005 levels over the span of 15 years. It aims to produce 40% of its installed electric capacity from non-fossil fuels, by 2030.
One of the major steps taken by India to curb the consequences of climatic changes is reducing the carbon emission from fossil fuels.
Reforestation is the government’s one of the main agenda. The government plans to add 0.8 million hectares of forest per year, with efforts to improve forest management. The increased concerns among the youth have led to a huge movement of sapling plantation.
The use of Solar energy as one of the renewable energy sources for the efficient functioning of electricity is another mandatory step, taken by the government.